Rapeseed (colza) - Brassica campestris
Belonging to the crucifer family, rapeseed colza is an annual plant whose stem can grow as high as a metre. Its large golden yellow flowers open from April to June. Their fruits are loments containing small pale seeds. From the 18th century, this was the major oil-providing crop of Europe. Together with sunflower seeds and olives, rapeseed is one of the three main sources of vegetable oil. It is also one of the components or green fuel.
Traditions:Rapeseed has existed since 2000 to 1500 years BC. It seems to have derived from a spontaneous cross between a cabbage and a rape. Rapeseed has long been used as a foodstuff, particularly for its richness in Omega-3 fatty acids.
Properties:Rapeseed oil is of great benefit in nourishing the skin. Its richness in Omega-3 gives it soothing properties. We also use the sterol fraction for its emulsifying capacity and that therefore helps in stabilising creams.